Grass-leaved Chincherinchee

Scientific Name
Ornithogalum juncifolium Jacq.
Higher Classification
Common Names
Grass-leaved Chincherinchee (e), Indlolothi encane (z), Lijo-tsa-noko (ss)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
D. van der Colff
Widespread and not in danger of extinction.
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Western Cape
Widespread across eastern South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, extending as far west as the Little Karoo and Caledon.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Drakensberg Foothill Moist Grassland, Amathole Montane Grassland, Karoo Escarpment Grassland, Moist Coast Hinterland Grassland, Eastern Upper Karoo, Sundays Valley Thicket, Pondoland-Ugu Sandstone Coastal Sourveld, Albany Alluvial Vegetation, Southern Karoo Riviere, KwaZulu-Natal Coastal Belt Grassland, Eastern Valley Bushveld, Bhisho Thornveld, Amersfoort Highveld Clay Grassland, Sundays Arid Thicket, Garden Route Granite Fynbos, Saltaire Karroid Thicket, Algoa Sandstone Fynbos, Egoli Granite Grassland, Eastern Highveld Grassland, Barberton Montane Grassland, Eastern Free State Clay Grassland, Swellendam Silcrete Fynbos, Lesotho Highland Basalt Grassland, uKhahlamba Basalt Grassland, Sundays Mesic Thicket, Kouga Grassy Sandstone Fynbos, Southern Drakensberg Highland Grassland, Soweto Highveld Grassland, Stormberg Plateau Grassland, Drakensberg Afroalpine Heathland, South Outeniqua Sandstone Fynbos, Western Gwarrieveld, KwaZulu-Natal Coastal Belt Thornveld, Humansdorp Shale Renosterveld, Cape Lowland Alluvial Vegetation, Highveld Alluvial Vegetation, Northern Drakensberg Highland Grassland, Buffels Valley Thicket, Eastern Lower Karoo, Hartenbos Strandveld, Fish Arid Thicket, Eastern Little Karoo, De Hoop Limestone Fynbos, Escarpment Arid Thicket, Grass Ridge Bontveld, Doubledrift Karroid Thicket, Gamka Karoo, Waterberg Mountain Bushveld, Garden Route Shale Fynbos, Gold Reef Mountain Bushveld, Baviaans Valley Thicket, KwaZulu-Natal Hinterland Thornveld, Suurberg Shale Fynbos, KwaZulu-Natal Sandstone Sourveld, Eastern Gwarrieveld, Bedford Dry Grassland, Central Free State Grassland, Grahamstown Grassland Thicket, Suurberg Quartzite Fynbos, East Griqualand Grassland, Fish Valley Thicket, Tarkastad Montane Shrubland, Midlands Mistbelt Grassland, Dry Coast Hinterland Grassland, Gamka Valley Thicket, KwaZulu-Natal Highland Thornveld, Queenstown Thornveld, Eastern Coastal Shale Band Vegetation, Elim Ferricrete Fynbos, Central Coastal Shale Band Vegetation, Transkei Coastal Belt, Agulhas Sand Fynbos, Central Inland Shale Band Vegetation, Southern Cape Dune Fynbos, Albertinia Sand Fynbos, Motherwell Karroid Thicket, Albany Valley Thicket, Bethelsdorp Bontveld, Escarpment Mesic Thicket, Escarpment Valley Thicket, Gamka Arid Thicket, Goukamma Dune Thicket, Gouritz Valley Thicket, Nanaga Savanna Thicket, Mons Ruber Fynbos Thicket, Subtropical Dune Thicket, Oudshoorn Karroid Thicket, Sardinia Forest Thicket, Umtiza Forest Thicket, Hamburg Dune Thicket, St Francis Dune Thicket, Willowmore Gwarrieveld, Muscadel Riviere, Kasouga Dune Thicket, Mooi River Highland Grassland, Kango Conglomerate Fynbos, Aliwal North Dry Grassland, Xhariep Karroid Grassland, Besemkaree Koppies Shrubland, Rand Highveld Grassland, Waterberg-Magaliesberg Summit Sourveld, Eastern Free State Sandy Grassland, Basotho Montane Shrubland, Tsakane Clay Grassland, Southern KwaZulu-Natal Moist Grassland, Vaal Reefs Dolomite Sinkhole Woodland, Northern KwaZulu-Natal Moist Grassland, Vaal-Vet Sandy Grassland, Albany Broken Veld, Upper Karoo Hardeveld, Prince Albert Succulent Karoo, Koedoesberge-Moordenaars Karoo, Western Little Karoo, Gauteng Shale Mountain Bushveld, Andesite Mountain Bushveld, Western Sandy Bushveld, Moot Plains Bushveld, Thukela Thornveld, Ngongoni Veld, Mthatha Moist Grassland, Ruens Silcrete Renosterveld, Canca Limestone Fynbos, Matjiesfontein Quartzite Fynbos, Overberg Sandstone Fynbos, North Sonderend Sandstone Fynbos, North Langeberg Sandstone Fynbos, South Langeberg Sandstone Fynbos, North Outeniqua Sandstone Fynbos, Tsitsikamma Sandstone Fynbos, North Swartberg Sandstone Fynbos, South Swartberg Sandstone Fynbos, Carletonville Dolomite Grassland, Albany Bontveld, Agulhas Limestone Fynbos, South Eastern Coastal Thornveld, Kango Limestone Renosterveld, Central Ruens Shale Renosterveld, Eastern Ruens Shale Renosterveld, Mossel Bay Shale Renosterveld, Langkloof Shale Renosterveld, Matjiesfontein Shale Renosterveld, Montagu Shale Renosterveld, Overberg Dune Strandveld, Amathole Mistbelt Grassland, Drakensberg-Amathole Afromontane Fynbos, North Kammanassie Sandstone Fynbos
Wooded slopes, rock crevices, sandstone ledges, dry flats or exposed rocky slopes.
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Ornithogalum juncifolium Jacq. var. juncifolium Least Concern 2014.1
Ornithogalum comptum BakerLeast Concern 2012.1
Ornithogalum lithopsoides Van Jaarsv.EN B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)2012.1
Ornithogalum juncifolium Jacq. var. emsii Van Jaarsv. & A.E.van WykCritically Rare Raimondo et al. (2009)
Ornithogalum juncifolium Jacq. var. juncifolium Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Leighton, F.M. 1945. A revision of the South African species of Ornithogalum L. Part III. Journal of South African Botany 11:135-185.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Manning, J.C., Forest, F., Devey, D.S., Fay, M.F. and Goldblatt, P. 2009. A molecular phylogeny and revised classification of Ornithogaloideae (Hyacinthaceae) based on an analysis of four plastid DNA regions. Taxon 58(1):77-107.

Müller-Doblies, U. and Müller-Doblies, D. 1996. Revisionula incompleta Ornithogalorum Austro-Africanorum (Hyacinthaceae). Feddes Repertorium 107(5-6):361-548.

Obermeyer, A.A. 1978. Ornithogalum: a revision of the southern African species. Bothalia 12(3):323-376.

Pooley, E. 2003. Mountain flowers: a field guide to the flora of the Drakensberg and Lesotho. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Van Jaarsveld, E.J. 2009. A new succulent Ornithogalum species (Hyacinthaceae) from semi-arid regions in the southern Western Cape. Aloe 46(1):20-21.

Van Jaarsveld, E.J. and Van Wyk, A.E. 2005. Ornithogalum juncifolium var. emsii, a new cliff-dwelling Ornithogalum from Eastern Cape, South Africa. Bothalia 35(1):82-84.

van der Colff, D. 2015. Ornithogalum juncifolium Jacq. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/05/20

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Distribution map

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