Scientific Name
Ornithogalum capillifolium Fourc.
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Data Deficient - Insufficient Information
Assessment Date
L. von Staden
A widespread but very poorly known and taxonomically problematic species. No other collections are known other than the three specimens cited in the original 1934 description of the species. It is possibly a rare habitat specialist and if so, likely to be threatened by alien invasive plants, but not enough is known at present to determine its status.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, Western Cape
Tsitsikamma and Kouga Mountains.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Kouga Grassy Sandstone Fynbos, Kouga Sandstone Fynbos, Tsitsikamma Sandstone Fynbos
Unknown, possibly streambanks.
Possibly threatened by habitat loss to forestry plantations and competition from alien invasive plants.
Population trend
Described in 1934 (Fourcade 1934), but overlooked by Leighton (1945) and treated as a synonym of the widespread Ornithogalum juncifolium by Obermeyer (1978). The Müller-Doblies (Müller-Doblies and Müller-Doblies 1996) reinstated the name without having made any further collections or identifying any other specimens as belonging to this species other than those cited by Fourcade (1934). The name is however upheld in the most recent classification of the genus (Manning et al. 2009).
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Ornithogalum capillifolium Fourc.Data Deficient 2012.1

Fourcade, H.G. 1934. Contributions to the flora of the Knysna and neighbouring divisions. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 21:75-102.

Leighton, F.M. 1945. A revision of the South African species of Ornithogalum L. Part III. Journal of South African Botany 11:135-185.

Manning, J.C., Forest, F., Devey, D.S., Fay, M.F. and Goldblatt, P. 2009. A molecular phylogeny and revised classification of Ornithogaloideae (Hyacinthaceae) based on an analysis of four plastid DNA regions. Taxon 58(1):77-107.

Müller-Doblies, U. and Müller-Doblies, D. 1996. Revisionula incompleta Ornithogalorum Austro-Africanorum (Hyacinthaceae). Feddes Repertorium 107(5-6):361-548.

Obermeyer, A.A. 1978. Ornithogalum: a revision of the southern African species. Bothalia 12(3):323-376.

von Staden, L. 2012. Ornithogalum capillifolium Fourc. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/05/20

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Distribution map

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