Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Chironia albiflora Hilliard
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
GENTIANACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Rare
Assessment Date
2008/06/30
Assessor(s)
J.E. Victor, A.E. van Wyk & L. von Staden
Justification
EOO 470 km², known from five subpopulations, but probably overlooked. Rare, occurring as scattered individuals. Most subpopulations occur on sheltered sites in rocky outcrops and deep within forested ravines, where they are not threatened.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal
Range
Umtamvuna to Magwa Falls.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Forest, Indian Ocean Coastal Belt
Description
Msikaba Formation Sandstone, in variable habitats including riverine forests, stream margins, scrubby vegetation on rocky outcrops and, rarely, open grassland.
Threats
Individuals in open grassland sites may be threatened by overgrazing and too frequent fire, a major cause of grassland degradation and loss of grassland forb diversity in KwaZulu-Natal and Pondoland. However, most subpopulations occur on sheltered sites and are not threatened.
Population
Population trend
Stable
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Chironia albiflora HilliardRare Raimondo et al. (2009)
Chironia albiflora HilliardVU Scott-Shaw (1999)
Bibliography

Marais, W. and Verdoorn, I.C. 1963. Gentianaceae. In: R.A. Dyer, L.E. Codd and H.B. Rycroft (eds). Flora of Southern Africa 26 (Myrsinaceae-Apocynaceae):171-243. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Scott-Shaw, C.R. 1999. Rare and threatened plants of KwaZulu-Natal and neighbouring regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service, Pietermaritzburg.


Citation
Victor, J.E., van Wyk, A.E. & von Staden, L. 2008. Chironia albiflora Hilliard. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/05/17

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Distribution map


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