Scientific Name
Moraea tulbaghensis L.Bolus
Higher Classification
Iris pavonia L.f., Moraea neopavonia R.C.Foster, Vieusseuxia pavonia (L.f.) DC.
Common Names
Rooiflappie (a), Tulbagh Peacock Moraea (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Endangered B1ab(ii,iii,iv,v)
Assessment Date
P. Goldblatt, J.C. Manning & D. Raimondo
Known from seven severely fragmented subpopulations within an EOO of 1300 km². Declining due to urban expansion and crop cultivation.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Piketberg to Paarl.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Swartland Shale Renosterveld, Breede Shale Renosterveld, Swartland Alluvium Fynbos
Stony, sandy clay flats in renosterveld.
Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Habitat degradation, Pollution (affecting habitat and/or species), Habitat loss, Harvesting [gathering]
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Moraea tulbaghensis L.BolusEN B1ab(ii,iii,iv,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Moraea neopavonia R.C.FosterVulnerable Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Moraea tulbaghensis L.BolusVulnerable Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Moraea tulbaghensis L.BolusEndangered Hall et al. (1980)

Duncan, G.D. 1997. Moraeas of the Western Cape. Veld & Flora 83(2):42-44.

Goldblatt, P. 1986. The Moraeas of Southern Africa: a systematic monograph of the genus in South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Transkei, Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. Annals of Kirstenbosch Botanic Gardens 14:1-224. National Botanic Gardens in association with the Missouri Botanical Garden, USA, Cape Town.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Goldblatt, P., Manning, J.C. and Snijman, D. 2005. Cape Plants: corrections and additions to the flora. 1. Bothalia 35(1):35-46.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Manning, J., Goldblatt, P. and Snijman, D. 2002. The color encyclopedia of Cape bulbs. Timber Press, Portland/Cambridge.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Goldblatt, P., Manning, J.C. & Raimondo, D. 2006. Moraea tulbaghensis L.Bolus. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/05/18

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Distribution map

© C. Paterson-Jones

© I. Ebrahim

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