Red Thorn

Scientific Name
Vachellia gerrardii (Benth.) P.J.H.Hurter subsp. gerrardii
Higher Classification
Acacia gerrardii Benth. subsp. gerrardii, Acacia hebecladoides Harms
Common Names
Aapkop (a), Engelse Doring (a), Engelsedoring (a), Ikope (nd), Lerura (tw), Mokgi (tw), Moki (tw), Mooka (ns), Muunga (v), Red Thorn (e), Rooibas (a), Rooidoring (a), Rooihaakdoring (a), Swarthaak (a), Swarthaakdoring (a), Umkhamanzi (z), Umphuze (z), Umsama (z)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
L. von Staden
Widespread, common and not in danger of extinction.
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West
Widespread across northern and eastern South Africa, also extending northwards through eastern and tropical Africa to Sudan and Nigeria.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Indian Ocean Coastal Belt, Savanna
Woodland and wooded grassland, dry river valleys, and thornveld, 0-1500 m.
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Acacia gerrardii Benth. subsp. gerrardii var. gerrardii Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Brenan, J.P.M. 1970. Leguminosae. In: J.P.M. Brenan, A.W. Exell, A. Fernandes and H. Wild (eds). Flora Zambesiaca 3 (Part 1):7-138. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, London.

Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of southern Africa. 3rd Edition. Struik, Cape Town.

Kyalangalilwa, B., Boatwright, J.S., Daru, B.H., Maurin, O. and van der Bank, M. 2013. Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 172(4):500-523.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Ross, J.H. 1975. Fabaceae subfamily 1. Mimosoideae. In: B. De Winter, D.J.B. Killick, O.A. Leistner and J.H. Ross (eds). Flora of Southern Africa 16 Part 1:1-159. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.

von Staden, L. 2015. Vachellia gerrardii (Benth.) P.J.H.Hurter subsp. gerrardii. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/05/19

Comment on this assessment Comment on this assessment
Distribution map

© L. von Staden

© L. von Staden

© L. von Staden

Search for images of Vachellia gerrardii subsp. gerrardii on iNaturalist