Scientific Name
Syringodea flanaganii Baker
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)
Assessment Date
M.M.P. Mogale & L. von Staden
A relatively widespread (EOO 10 293 km²), but rarely recorded species known from fewer than 10 locations and declining due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape
Port Elizabeth to Komga and Cathcart.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Bhisho Thornveld, Amathole Montane Grassland, Motherwell Karroid Thicket, Bethelsdorp Bontveld
Stony flats and slopes.
Threatened by ongoing habitat loss to urban expansion around Port Elizabeth, where it was last recorded in 1933, and is now possibly locally extinct. Recent field observations from the Stutterheim-Cathcart area indicate that the species is threatened by habitat degradation due to overgrazing.

S. flanaganii is rarely collected and poorly known. It is difficult to distinguish from S. bicolor and S. longituba, and may be misidentified and overlooked. It is known from only a few, rather disjunct records scattered over a wide area, but it occurs in a botanically poorly explored area and field surveys may reveal it to be more common than records suggest.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Syringodea flanaganii BakerVU B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)2017.1
Syringodea flanaganii BakerData Deficient Raimondo et al. (2009)
Syringodea flanaganii BakerInsufficiently Known Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Syringodea flanaganii BakerUncertain Hall et al. (1980)

De Vos, M.P. 1974. Die Suid-Afrikaanse genus Syringodea. Journal of South African Botany 40(3):201-254.

De Vos, M.P. 1983. Syringodea, Romulea. In: O.A. Leistner (ed). Flora of Southern Africa 7 Iridaceae, Part 2 Ixioideae, Fascicle 2:1-73. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Mogale, M.M.P. & von Staden, L. 2014. Syringodea flanaganii Baker. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/05/20

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Distribution map

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