Scientific Name
Carpacoce gigantea Puff
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Assessment Date
L. von Staden
Carpacoce gigantea is a rare and very poorly known species, last recorded in 1962. Field searches in the 1980s were unsuccessful in relocating it in the wild, and it has not been recorded since. It may be extinct due to habitat loss to timber plantations or competition from alien invasive plants.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
This species is endemic to the Langeberg Mountains near Swellendam.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
South Langeberg Sandstone Fynbos
It occurs on south-facing, moist sandstone slopes.
The lower slopes of the Langeberg north of Swellendam has been planted with commercial timber in the past, but it is no longer expanding. Invasive pines are however spreading from the plantations across the lower slopes, potentially outcompeting native species. The altitudinal range of this species is not known, and therefore it is not possible to infer whether it has been lost to plantations or not.
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Carpacoce gigantea PuffRare Raimondo et al. (2009)
Carpacoce gigantea PuffRare Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Puff, C. 1986. Paederieae, Anthospermeae, Rubieae. In: O.A. Leistner (ed). Flora of Southern Africa 31 Part 1 Rubiaceae, Fascicle 2 Rubioideae (Second part):1-76. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

von Staden, L. 2019. Carpacoce gigantea Puff. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/12/03

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Distribution map

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