Scientific Name
Conophytum roodiae N.E.Br. subsp. cylindratum (Schwantes) T.Smale
Higher Classification
Conophytum cylindratum Schwantes, Conophytum cylindratum Schwantes var. primosii (Lavis) Rawé
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(v)+2ab(v)
Assessment Date
A.J. Young & D. Raimondo
A range-restricted taxon endemic to the Namaqualand region of the South Africa's Northern Cape Province. It has an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 230 km² and an area of occupancy (AOO) of 32 km². Known from six locations it is experiencing ongoing loss of mature individuals as a result of collecting for the succulent horticultural trade. It therefore qualifies as Vulnerable under criterion B.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape
information redacted, contact SANBI
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Succulent Karoo
Cracks in eroding plates and under rock lips on granite domes, also at the edges of shallow grit pans.
There has been a significant increase in demand for Conophytums coming from Asian countries since March 2019. This taxon is popular in cultivation and some subpopulations are declining due to illegal collection.

This taxon has a restricted range, but is locally abundant. The population size is estimated to be at least 5000 mature individuals. Subpopulation numbers are decreasing continuously as a result of illegal harvesting.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Conophytum roodiae N.E.Br. subsp. cylindratum (Schwantes) T.SmaleRare 2017.1
Conophytum roodiae N.E.Br. subsp. cylindratum (Schwantes) T.SmaleLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Hammer, S. 2002. Dumpling and his wife: New view of the genus Conophytum. EAE Creative Colour, Norwich.

Hammer, S.A. 1993. The genus Conophytum: A conograph. Succulent Plant Publications, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Smale, T. 2000. Conophytum roodiae and its relatives. British Cactus and Succulent Journal 18(2):101-107.

Young, A.J. & Raimondo, D. 2020. Conophytum roodiae N.E.Br. subsp. cylindratum (Schwantes) T.Smale. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/11/28

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Distribution map

© A.J. Young

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