Scientific Name
Conophytum bachelorum S.A.Hammer
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered B1ab(v)+2ab(v)
Assessment Date
A.J. Young, J.E. Victor & P.G. Desmet
Fewer than 1000 plants occur at one known location, the site where the species occurs is less than 1 km² in size meaning that according to the IUCN guidelines this species has an extent of occurrence (EOO) and area of occupancy (AOO) of 4 km². There is ongoing decline in the population due to collection for the illegal succulent horticultural trade. This species is on the brink of extinction and urgent action to curb poaching is required if it is not to go extinct. It therefore qualifies as Critically Endangered under criterion B.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape
information redacted, contact SANBI
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Namaqualand Heuweltjieveld
Quartz outcrops, ridges and cliffs in Namaqualand Heuweltjieveld.
This has become one of the most desirable species for collection in recent years, with high prices being paid for plants. Cultivated plants cannot match the current demand across the globe for this species. Illegal collection is currently taking place and is a major extinction threat to the small, localised, population of plants.

This species is highly localised, occurring along a small part of long ridge. It is estimated that there are only about 500 plants in this habitat.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Conophytum bachelorum S.A.HammerVU D1+2Raimondo et al. (2009)

Hammer, S. 2002. Dumpling and his wife: New view of the genus Conophytum. EAE Creative Colour, Norwich.

Hammer, S.A. 1993. The genus Conophytum: A conograph. Succulent Plant Publications, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Snijman, D.A. 2013. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 2: The extra Cape flora. Strelitzia 30. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Young, A.J., Victor, J.E. & Desmet, P.G. 2020. Conophytum bachelorum S.A.Hammer. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/11/27

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Distribution map

© A.J. Young

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