Scientific Name
Manulea minor Diels
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Assessment Date
L. von Staden
A highly range-restricted species (EOO 7 km²) that was last recorded in 1944. Most of the natural vegetation within its known range has been irreversibly modified, and it is not known whether the population has survived.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Hex River Valley.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Breede Alluvium Fynbos
Sandy flats and lower slopes.
The specific habitat requirements of this species is not well known, but altitude notes on specimens suggest that it occurs on lower slopes and flats. These areas within the Hex River Valley has been extensively converted to vineyards, as well as lost to urban expansion around De Doorns. It is an annual species that is possibly resilient to disturbance, but the 70+ years since it was last recorded is a cause for concern.

This species was last recorded in 1944 near Orchard siding in the Hex River Valley. Current status and trend of the population is not known, and searches are urgently needed to relocate this species in the wild.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Manulea minor DielsData Deficient Raimondo et al. (2009)
Manulea minor DielsInsufficiently Known Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hilliard, O.M. 1994. The Manuleae: a tribe of Scrophulariaceae. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

von Staden, L. 2018. Manulea minor Diels. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/12/03

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Distribution map

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